Information is a sign or set of signs which predispose a person to action. It is
distinguished from data, because data are not a stimulus to action but merely a string of
characters or un-interpreted patterns. For example, symbols(data) stored in a file cabinet
or computer base represent data. A computer printout which a manager reads but whose
significance cannot be interpreted because the figures are unorganized represents data.
On the other hand, an organized analysis of sales or a graphical trend line of costs will
affect the behavior of the manager and therefore is information.